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    Final Style Considerations

    Title and Author Name(s)

    • The title should be on a line by itself, left-justified.
    • Author names should immediately follow the title and should be left-justified, italicized, and comma-separated. For multi-author manuscripts, the last name in the list should be connected with “and”. If preferred, include middle initials punctuated with periods.
    • Do not include professional titles or affiliations. These should only appear in the Biography section (see below).


    • This should be the first section of your manuscript.
    • The word “Abstract” should be bolded, italicized, and left-justified on a line by itself.
    • The text of the abstract should be italicized and left-justified.
    • The abstract should be between 100-250 words.
    • Example:


      Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.


    • This section should immediately follow the abstract and should include 3-4 keywords.
    • The word “Keywords” should be bolded, italicized, left-justified, followed by a colon and comma-separated keywords.
    • The comma-separated keywords should be lowercase, except when proper nouns or acronyms, and italicized.
    • There should not be any punctuation at the end of the keyword list.
    • Example:

      Keywords: lorem ipsum, quis nostrud, officia deserunt

    Manuscript Text

    • Left-justify text.
    • Do not add paragraph indentations.


    • This section is optional. When present, it should come immediately before the Biography section.

    Biography (or Biographies when multiple authors)

    • This section should come immediately before References.
    • Each author should submit a 50-75 word biography.
    • Begin each biography with the author’s name, followed immediately by their title and affiliation.
    • Each author’s name should be bolded.
    • Example:

      Jane E. Smith is Professor of X at University Y. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.



    • Submit all images (graphs, drawings, etc.) in separate files using the highest resolution possible.
    • Each filename should include the figure, illustration, or image number and a brief descriptive name (EX: Figure 1 - taxonomy)